Fine Points on Buying and Selling Mineral Rights

If find yourself in a scenario where you have or are experiencing mineral rights for the first time this beginners guide will define the differences between surface and mineral rights and discuss the pros and cons of leasing and selling. The basics and how to start are covered in this article.

Mineral rights
Otherwise known as mineral estate, these legal rights give the owner the ability to exploit or mine any minerals or precious resources under the ground of that land. These may be organic, inorganic substances like metal ores, coal, oil, gas, gemstones, stone, salt or any substance besides sand, gravel or water. Mineral Rights

As the owner you can sell, lease or even give away these rights to any individual or entity you choose.
If you can 20 aches off mineral rich land, you can sell or lease the mining rights while still keeping ownership and the deeds to the land, still outsourcing mining rights.


Surface and mineral rights
❏ When an agreement is reached between the owner and the mineral miner it usually depends on five key points:
❏ Right to full as full of the surface as needed.
❏ Rights to convey, ie make new right for sub mining services and needs.
❏ The right to bonus, ie receive royals for excellent conditions or performance agreed on by both parties.
❏ Right to delay rental payments if pending issues happen, like a stop in drilling or natural disaster.
❏ The right to royalties ie financial compensation
In this area of contract law it is divided into to areas:
❏ Surface rights (ie owner)
❏ Mineral rights (is miner)

The surface right are, indicated the surface of the land. Whilst the mineral rights are in the context of the minerals or mined resources, so what lies beneath the surface of the property. Surface rights refer to the sand, gravel or water. So an owner can sell the mineral rights and still keep control of the basic land and related contents water, sand and buildings, however the elements are given up in the form of the mineral rights. Sell Gas Rights

Leases your rights and potential risks
When the mineral rights are leased this is leasing the minerals to the mining company or even energy supplier. Both parties will then come to an agreement on the price for the mining and price of the minerals to be sold. So the lease is an agreement to access the property and mining, for an fixed price, much like renting a home.

Lease: agree to rent and mine
Lessor: owner of the resource the mining company buys from.
DOI or division of interest described how the resource mining ie minerals will be divided due the or after the mining process. Lessee buying the resource, lessor selling.
Amount are agreed on the price ie royalties to be paid for the resource (gold, diamonds, minerals etc) and the volume that the lessee is granting permission to mining as a result of the terms of the mining lease.
And agreements on rent and royalties payments, varied or decreased if the mine stops producing.
Payment to the lessor may vary depending on the volume of the resource mined and sold.

Revenue equation
Calculated by:
Revenue interest decimal = (A / U) x R x P x Y
A = Net Acres owned
U = Number of Aches in the mining pool
R = Royalty assigned to the right owner, by the lease covering the resource
P = Participation Factor assigned to the tracts owned by the mineral owner, describes in the unit agreement
Y = Additional Ownership Factor to an owners mineral rights by another arrangement

Selling or leasing your lands mineral rights
There are arguments to both whether to or not lease or sell your mineral rights.

Benefits / risks of selling
If you sell you receive a lump sum, however this vs the idea that leasing will bring in an income or long term return in the future. The seller may lose out because the returns in the long run may be greater. Depend on the value of the resource and price fluctuations, if may be better to lease or sell. But with selling its sold and someone else's responsibility, job done. Selling Mineral Rights

Benefits / risks of leasing
discuss the pros and cons of leasing and selling

Regular royalty payment make leasing an attractive idea, a nice payment like a wage at the end of each month, sounds great. The time factor here is the liability, when prices are good more is earned over time, but if prices fall the lessor has a possibility of losing money over time, due to the mining operation making no proffits!

Summary
There are pros and cons to leasing or selling out mineral rights. This article shows it is resource specific and market and demand play a strong role in the stability and mining and also the value of the lease. Sell Oil Rights